• Activity
  • Roads, Vehicles & Traffic

Rules and safety

Learning areas:
  • Health & Physical Education
Year levels:
  • Year 1
  • Year 2
  • Year 3
  • Year 4

Discuss the reasons why communities have rules and laws.

Ask the class to provide examples of situations where there are rules, and the reasons why we have rules. These rules could be from any aspect of life, and not just to do with travelling. They may be to keep people safe or to ensure that everyone is treated equally and respectfully.

Brainstorm some rules that apply to different kinds of road users.

Have students choose two types of road users and compare the rules that apply to them using a Venn diagram.

Venn Diagram

Hold a class discussion around why we need road rules. Ask students to think about why there are different rules for different types of road users.

Discussion questions

Rules and laws

  • What could happen if nobody obeyed the rules?
  • Are all rules easy or hard to follow?
  • What are some reasons why people break rules?   (They forget, don’t know the rule, they are in a hurry, lazy, showing off.)
  • Why don’t we have the same rules for all the different types of road users?

Information for teachers

Some rules for road users

Pedestrians must:

  • use a crossing if they are within 20 metres of the crossing.
  • use the shortest or most direct way to cross a road.
  • Not walk on the road unless there is no footpath.
  • not walk on a path that is for bikes only.
  • not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver.

Passengers must:

  • not get out of a moving vehicle.
  • wear a seatbelt.
  • not distract the driver.
  • sit with only one person per seat.

Cyclists must:

  • wear a helmet.
  • use lights when riding at night.
  • not ride more than two abreast.
  • not ride on the footpath unless they are under 12 or an adult supervising a child under 12.
  • give way to pedestrians.
  • keep to the left on footpaths and shared paths.

Public transportpassengers must:

  • allow other passengers to get off before boarding.
  • offer their seat to elderly people, those with special needs and pregnant women.
  • not block doorways and allow other passengers room to move if they are getting off.
  • not distract the driver.
  • Always stand behind the line marking.

Drivers must:

  • Drive on the left.
  • Drive within the speed limit.
  • Wear a seatbelt.
  • Stop at pedestrian crossings.
  • give way to any pedestrians and bicycles on the footpath, path or nature strip when going in or out of a driveway or private property.

Victorian curriculum

Health and PE

Levels 1 & 2

Recognise situations and opportunities to promote their own health, safety and wellbeing (VCHPEP074)

Levels 3 & 4

Describe and apply strategies that can be used in situations that make them feel uncomfortable or unsafe (VCHPEP090)

Ethical capability

Levels 1 & 2

Explore the meaning of right and wrong, good and bad, as concepts concerned with the outcomes of acts (VCECU001)

Levels 3 & 4

Explore the contested meaning of concepts including fairness and harm and how they can seem to differ in different situations (VCECU004)