• Activity
  • Cycling

Design the perfect bike helmet

Learning areas:
  • English
  • Science
  • The Arts
  • Technology
Year levels:
  • Year 3
  • Year 4
  • Year 5
  • Year 6

Use pictures of different helmets to discuss safety standards around helmets. If possible, have a few examples of helmets to inspect, which could be brought to the class by students.

Have students design and make a prototype of their ideal state-of-the-art bike helmet that meets the Australian standard. This should involve research about:

  • different helmets currently being sold
  • suitable materials that the helmet could be made from
  • types of straps that could be used
  • ventilation
  • aerodynamics.

Discussion questions

  • How do we know if a helmet meets the Australian Safety Standard?
  • Why do we have safety standards for helmets?
  • What materials are the best to use for helmets?
  • How do current helmet designs differ?
  • What safety features does your helmet have?

Information for teachers

In Victoria, all bike riders must wear a helmet that meets the Australian/New Zealand Safety Standard AS/NZS 2063.

Helmets that meet the standards have a sticker showing that they are safety approved.

To meet the standards, helmets must be made of durable materials that absorb energy in an impact, have straps that allow the helmet to be fastened properly, and have adequate ventilation.

Further information about the laws around wearing bike helmets and how to wear a helmet safely can be found at www.vicroads.vic.gov.au and www.bicyclenetwork.com.au

Information on standards for bike helmets can be found at www.productsafety.gov.au

Victorian curriculum

Health and PE

Level 3 & 4

Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (VCHPEP091)

Level 5 & 6

Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (VCHPEP108)

Investigate community resources and strategies to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing (VCHPEP107)


Level 3 & 4

Critique needs or opportunities for designing and explore and test a variety of materials, components, tools and equipment and the techniques needed to create designed solutions (VCDSCD028)

Generate, develop, and communicate design ideas and decisions using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques (VCDSCD029)

Level 5 & 6

Critique needs or opportunities for designing, and investigate materials, components, tools, equipment and processes to achieve intended designed solutions (VCDSCD038)

Generate, develop, communicate and document design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques (VCDSCD039)